Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey has commented on the Iowa Crops and Weather report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through October.
“Unfortunately, strong storms continued to roll across the state, causing isolated damage and leaving fields very wet and drowning out some crops,” Northey said. “Between the wet spots crops remain in pretty good condition, with 79 percent of corn and 75 percent of beans rated in good to excellent condition.”
The weekly report is also available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship’s website at www.IowaAgriculture.gov or on USDA’s site at www.nass.usda.gov/ia. The report summary follows here:
Recurring precipitation continued to limit fieldwork in Iowa during the week ending June 29, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were just 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork. A few producers were able to do a little spraying and herbicide application between storms.
Precipitation raised soil moisture levels again this week. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 36 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 9 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 22 percent surplus. With the exception of southeast Iowa, every district in the state had over one-quarter of its topsoil in surplus condition.
There were isolated reports of corn silking. Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 56 percent good, and 23 percent excellent. Six percent of the soybean acreage was blooming, 10 days ahead of the previous year but 2 days behind normal. Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 18 percent excellent. Eighty-six percent of the oat crop has headed, 4 percentage points above last year but 2 percentage points behind five-year average. Eleven percent of the oat acreage has turned color, 5 percentage points ahead of last year but 13 percentage points behind average. Oat condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 61 percent good, and 13 percent excellent.
The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 90 percent complete, 3 percentage points ahead of both last year and average. Hay condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 16 percent excellent. Pasture condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 22 percent fair, 53 percent good, and 21 percent excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as good except for dealing with increased insect pressure and flooded pastures and feedlots.
Iowa Preliminary Weather Summary
By Harry Hillaker, State Climatologist, Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship
It was another very wet week across much of Iowa. Most of the rain fell in three events with each bringing rain to most of the state. The first event on Sunday (22nd) brought greatest rains to southeast Iowa with up to 3.85 inches of rain reported in Burlington. The second event from Thursday (26th) morning through Friday (27th) afternoon brought the heaviest rains to central Iowa with 5.45 inches at Adel (Dallas Co.) and 5.40 inches at Maxwell (Story Co.). The last event on Saturday (28th) brought widespread rain to the east two-thirds of the state with a maximum total of 2.62 inches just west of Osceola. Additional locally heavy rain fell after the cut-off for this report on Sunday (29th) night and Monday (30th). Weekly rain totals varied from 0.17 inches at Lester in Lyon County to 7.60 inches at Maxwell. The statewide average precipitation was 2.22 inches or nearly double the weekly normal of 1.17 inches. Meanwhile, temperatures were near, or slightly above, normal throughout the week. Temperature extremes varied from morning lows of 55 degrees at Sac City on Tuesday (24th) morning, as well as at Atlantic, Audubon and Battle Creek on Wednesday (25th) morning to a Wednesday afternoon high of 89 degrees at Donnellson. Temperatures for the week as a whole averaged 0.6 degrees above normal. Preliminary data suggests this was the third wettest June in 141 years of Iowa rainfall records (behind 1947 and 2010).